A hysteroscopy is an inspection of the lining of the uterine cavity (womb) through a hysteroscope (like a small telescope) which is passed through your vagina and cervix. This can be done under local anaesthetic, sedation or general anaesthetic.
Why is it done?
Hysteroscopy and dilatation and curettage are usually done together and can investigate problems such as heavy, irregular periods, bleeding in between periods and bleeding after menopaused. Also to diagnose and treat endometrial polyps.
A dilatation and curettage (D&C) takes a sample from the lining of the uterus for the analysis at the Pathology laboratory. This is a treatment for heavy periods and involves removing the lining of the uterus (endometrium) so that periods are either very light or not present.
(PIC: CC: BruceBlaus)